Aug 28, 2014
Iliotibial band (ITB) Friction syndrome if one of the most common causes of lateral (outside) knee pain that we see, especially in runners.
The ITB is a band of connective tissue that spans the length of the outer thigh. It originates up at the hip from another structure called the TFL (tensor fascia lata) and inserts onto the tibia just below the knee.
ITB friction occurs when the ITB gets tight & inflamed and begins to rub over the lateral femoral condyle on the outside of the knee joint producing acute pain in this area.
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Nov 5, 2013
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) often referred to as ‘runners knee’ is the most common cause of anterior (front) knee pain. As the knee moves from a straght to a bent position the patella should track in the intercondylar groove of the femur. In order for ths to happen the patella is held in place by a balance of muscles and tendons around the knee.
PFP is the result of maltracking of the patella and this is most commonly the result of an imbalance of the quadriceps muscles with the lateral (outer) structures incuding the ITB and vastus alteralis becoming excessively tight while the medial (inside) quadricep is weak. These tight muscles exert a powerful lateral pull on the patella causing it to track slighty off centre resulting in pain and inflammation at the front of the knee.
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Mar 26, 2013
The Patella tendon runs from the base of the patella (kneecap) to a bony prominence called the tibial tuberosity on the front of the shin.
Patella tendonitis occurs when this tendon gets inflamed. This is most commonly seen in younger athletes who perform alot of repetitive jumping and running.
Patella tendinosis is a chronic condition caused by the gradual development of microscopic tears and thickening within the tendon.
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