Aug 28, 2014
Iliotibial band (ITB) Friction syndrome if one of the most common causes of lateral (outside) knee pain that we see, especially in runners.
The ITB is a band of connective tissue that spans the length of the outer thigh. It originates up at the hip from another structure called the TFL (tensor fascia lata) and inserts onto the tibia just below the knee.
ITB friction occurs when the ITB gets tight & inflamed and begins to rub over the lateral femoral condyle on the outside of the knee joint producing acute pain in this area.
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Dec 2, 2013
The muscles in the lower leg are divided into a number of compartments encased by thick connective tissue. Within these ‘compartments’ sits muscles, nerves and blood vessels. The anterior compartment is located at the front of the outside of the shin bone (tibia)
Typically when we exercise, blood flow to our muscles increases to meet the energy requirements of the working muscles. This increased flow causes the muscles to ‘swell’. In the situation where there is not enough room in the compartment to accommodate the increase in muscle volume, inter-compartmental pressure rises which can produce pain.
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Nov 5, 2013
Patellofemoral pain (PFP) often referred to as ‘runners knee’ is the most common cause of anterior (front) knee pain. As the knee moves from a straght to a bent position the patella should track in the intercondylar groove of the femur. In order for ths to happen the patella is held in place by a balance of muscles and tendons around the knee.
PFP is the result of maltracking of the patella and this is most commonly the result of an imbalance of the quadriceps muscles with the lateral (outer) structures incuding the ITB and vastus alteralis becoming excessively tight while the medial (inside) quadricep is weak. These tight muscles exert a powerful lateral pull on the patella causing it to track slighty off centre resulting in pain and inflammation at the front of the knee.
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Mar 26, 2013