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Jul 11, 2014

Hamstring Tear

The hamstring muscle group consists of three muscles located at the back of the thigh. Semimembranosis, semitendinosis and biceps femoris. The hamstring is a common site for injury across many sports including running, rugby, soccer, tennis and AFL.

The anatomical ‘architecture’ of the hamstring is quite complex. All three muscles share a common point of origin at the ischial tuberosity (the bony prominence found deep in the lower buttock that we sit on).

Pain in the hamstring region is usually attrituted to one of two things; an injury the hamstring muscle itself, or referred pain due to injury higher up in the buttock or lumbar spine.

Have you torn your hamstring? A torn or strained hamstring is a memorable event. Usually you are mid activity & you feel a sudden severe pain at the back of the thigh. You are usually unable to continue with activity due to pain.

Your physiotherapist will also use a variety of assessment techniques to detemrine whether the tear is located in the muscle belly or the hamstring tendon.

Risk factors? Previous injury, poor strength, lack of flexibility, inadequate warm up and imbalance

between quadriceps & hamstring may potentially increase the risk of an injury from occuring.

Signs & Symptoms can include:

Pain at the back of the leg of sudden onset

Pain on hamstring stretch

Pain on resisted hamstring contraction – your physio will do a variety of tests to assess this.

Bruising may be present at the site of the tear or below depending on the severity.

Click the link below to access the FULL FACT SHEET

hamstring strain.pdf

Categories Injury Information Shin pain Tags hamstring hamstring tear injury muscle tear physiotherapy rehabilitation pain strain

Dec 2, 2013

Anterior Compartment Sydrome

The muscles in the lower leg are divided into a number of compartments encased by thick connective tissue. Within these ‘compartments’ sits muscles, nerves and blood vessels. The anterior compartment is located at the front of the outside of the shin bone (tibia)

Typically when we exercise, blood flow to our muscles increases to meet the energy requirements of the working muscles. This increased flow causes the muscles to ‘swell’. In the situation where there is not enough room in the compartment to accommodate the increase in muscle volume, inter-compartmental pressure rises which can produce pain. 


  • Pain (aching, cramping) at the front of the shin felt to the outside of the shin bone
  • Generally pain is only felt during exercise and ceases when exercise stops (as the pressure within the compartment returns to normal)
  • In some cases sensations of numbness, weakness or pins and needles can be experienced in the lower leg and foot.

Click the link below to access the FULL FACT SHEET

anterior compartment syndrome.pdf

Categories Shin pain Tags anterior compartment syndrome shin pain leg pain exercise running dry needling physiotherapy acupuncture