Apr 21, 2015
What is it? Trochanteric bursitis is one of the common causes of pain on the lateral (outside) of the hip and is the result of inflammation of the superficial (& deep in severe cases) trochanteric bursa.
In some cases inflammation of theese two bursae can be accompianed by local tendonitis or inflammation of the gluteal tendons & hip rotator muscles.
What is a bursa? Bursa are small sacs or ‘cushions’ of fluid found throughout the body. They sit between tendons & bones to allow tendons to slide without friction over bony sirfaces. When these sacs get inflammed or irritated they can cause pain.
Why? Trochanteric bursitis can occur as an overuse injury due repetitive friction of the gluteal tendons as they pass over the greater trochanter during activites such as running and cycling. In these cases there is usually biomechanical deficienies that need addressing. It can also be of acute onset from a direct blow or fall onto the lateral side of the hip.
What are the signs & symptoms?
Read Full Fact Sheet HERE - trochanteric bursitis.pdf
Golfers elbow or medial epicondylitis is a common cause of elbow pain. It is an overuse injury seen commonly in Golfers but also suffered by tennis players who hit a lot of top spin on their forehand shot.
The muscles that work to produce wrist and finger flexion all attach at a common origin into the medial epicondyle (bony prominence) on the inside of the elbow. During certain activities (such as gripping) repetitive tension is placed through this group of muscles. If this constant strain is excessive the tendons can become overloaded, inflamed and painful. In the older sportsperson the tendons can also begin to show signs of degenerative wear and tear.
SIGNS & SYMPTOMS
DIAGNOSIS: A physiotherapist should be able to make an accurate diagnosis from your clinical history and examination.
In cases where your condition does not respond to appropriate treatment further investigation such as an ultrasound may be warranted.
READ FULL FACT SHEET HERE - Golfers Elbow.pdf
Aug 28, 2014
Iliotibial band (ITB) Friction syndrome if one of the most common causes of lateral (outside) knee pain that we see, especially in runners.
The ITB is a band of connective tissue that spans the length of the outer thigh. It originates up at the hip from another structure called the TFL (tensor fascia lata) and inserts onto the tibia just below the knee.
ITB friction occurs when the ITB gets tight & inflamed and begins to rub over the lateral femoral condyle on the outside of the knee joint producing acute pain in this area.
(READ FULL FACT SHEET BELOW)
Jul 30, 2014
Stress fractures are an overuse injury that we see most commonly in the leg. 50% of all stress fractures are found in the weight bearing bones whether it be of the femur (thigh bone), tibia (shin bone) or in the foot itself.
A stress fracture is the result of excessive stress through a particular region. Soft tissues in the area get overloaded and transfer their stress to the bone resulting intially in a stress reaction in the bone. With continued load a stress farcture will appear.
Generally stress fractures occur when an athlete has a sudden increase in training loads. Other facors such as a change in footwear, training on unfamiliar surfaces or increase in intensity of training can also result in this injury.
Easily the most common sport we tend to see stress fractures in is running due to repetitive impact of the foot striking the ground. Other common sports include tennis, basketball & gymnastics.
Click the link below to access the FULL FACT SHEET
Jul 11, 2014
The hamstring muscle group consists of three muscles located at the back of the thigh. Semimembranosis, semitendinosis and biceps femoris. The hamstring is a common site for injury across many sports including running, rugby, soccer, tennis and AFL.
The anatomical ‘architecture’ of the hamstring is quite complex. All three muscles share a common point of origin at the ischial tuberosity (the bony prominence found deep in the lower buttock that we sit on).
Pain in the hamstring region is usually attrituted to one of two things; an injury the hamstring muscle itself, or referred pain due to injury higher up in the buttock or lumbar spine.
Have you torn your hamstring? A torn or strained hamstring is a memorable event. Usually you are mid activity & you feel a sudden severe pain at the back of the thigh. You are usually unable to continue with activity due to pain.
Your physiotherapist will also use a variety of assessment techniques to detemrine whether the tear is located in the muscle belly or the hamstring tendon.
Risk factors? Previous injury, poor strength, lack of flexibility, inadequate warm up and imbalance
between quadriceps & hamstring may potentially increase the risk of an injury from occuring.
Signs & Symptoms can include:
Pain at the back of the leg of sudden onset
Pain on hamstring stretch
Pain on resisted hamstring contraction – your physio will do a variety of tests to assess this.
Bruising may be present at the site of the tear or below depending on the severity.
Click the link below to access the FULL FACT SHEET