Jul 11, 2014
The hamstring muscle group consists of three muscles located at the back of the thigh. Semimembranosis, semitendinosis and biceps femoris. The hamstring is a common site for injury across many sports including running, rugby, soccer, tennis and AFL.
The anatomical ‘architecture’ of the hamstring is quite complex. All three muscles share a common point of origin at the ischial tuberosity (the bony prominence found deep in the lower buttock that we sit on).
Pain in the hamstring region is usually attrituted to one of two things; an injury the hamstring muscle itself, or referred pain due to injury higher up in the buttock or lumbar spine.
Have you torn your hamstring? A torn or strained hamstring is a memorable event. Usually you are mid activity & you feel a sudden severe pain at the back of the thigh. You are usually unable to continue with activity due to pain.
Your physiotherapist will also use a variety of assessment techniques to detemrine whether the tear is located in the muscle belly or the hamstring tendon.
Risk factors? Previous injury, poor strength, lack of flexibility, inadequate warm up and imbalance
between quadriceps & hamstring may potentially increase the risk of an injury from occuring.
Signs & Symptoms can include:
Pain at the back of the leg of sudden onset
Pain on hamstring stretch
Pain on resisted hamstring contraction – your physio will do a variety of tests to assess this.
Bruising may be present at the site of the tear or below depending on the severity.
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